Water-bases may need up to a dozen coats. Work with the grain, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to avoid raising the grain. Polyurethane Finish Tip#2: Level the Surface of the Polyurethane. Step 2: Use the 5″ to 3″ brush to apply polyurethane to wood flooring edges, and use the roller or pad to apply … To prevent brush marks, avoid excessive brushing. Oil-based polyurethane products are available as well, but not as commonly sold on shelves. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Lightly sand between coats with #320 grit sandpaper. The few remaining bubbles will typically disappear within moments. Varathane One-Step Stain & Polyurethane contains premium pigments which provide deep, rich color and the high quality Varathane polyurethane, which provides a smooth, even protective finish. They're also a bit thicker and contain more solids, requiring two or three coats where water-based poly may need three or four. Follow the label directions on your polish for best results. Drag the brush along the wood’s grain to apply the stainer. Crouch down so you see the light reflecting off of the surface. Spray poly goes on just like spray paint. Brush on the polyurethane so the brush strokes are parallel to the grain of the wood. Avoid inexpensive bristle brushes, as these tend to leave obvious brush strokes. By lightly sanding each coat of Varathane, you’ll also remove any particles that got stuck in it while drying. This innovative, water-based formula provides deep, rich color and Varathane ® ’s renowned polyurethane finish—both in one easy step. For best results, use Varathane Premium Wood Stains. Anitque White Satin Semi-Transparent Oil-Based Interior Wood Polyurethane and Stain Model# 355861 $ 13 98 $ 13 98. Warning: Skip this step and the top can twist, cup or warp. This is why leveling is the pre-buffing step required next. The Spruce Crafts uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Some woodworkers like to use spray poly for a thin topcoat over base coats of conventional polyurethane, producing a final smooth coat without brush strokes. Removal of all excess material is essential to ensure proper dry time and proper adhesion to the wood. To prevent brush marks, avoid excessive brushing. You’ll need to prep the wood by sanding and cleaning it before you can apply the Varathane. wikiHow's. If the stain begins to dry before you wipe it off, you're tackling too much area; this is more likely to happen using water-based stain. Polyurethanes are commonly available in both oil-based and water-based formulas, and there are minor differences between the two in both performance and application. Create a weathered farmhouse-style finish with Varathane Wood Stain and Rust-Oleum Chalked Paint. ... Varathane 1 qt. When you reach one end, start again at the beginning. Bruce has the solution: Minwax® PolyShades®. Apply oil-based poly using a fine-bristled brush (natural or synthetic bristles) or a foam brush. It came out great, thanks!". Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. 1. than 85%. Be careful not to scratch the wood while doing this. This article has been viewed 23,182 times. The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, and you can then apply a second coat. Rust-Oleum Varathane One-Step Stain & Polyurethane allows you to apply both a stain and a polyurethane in one easy step. Minwax® PolyShades® enhances wood grain by combining beautiful rich stain color and long-lasting polyurethane protection in one easy step. As you're finishing each fresh coat during application, check your work with a bright side-light. Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Water-based polyurethane versions dry much more quickly, are a bit more self-leveling, and have less odor when applying than oil-based versions. The decision to use an oil-based or water-based polyurethane largely depends on your project and your preferences. You may choose to thin oil-based polyurethanes with mineral spirits or naphtha, but for most applications, this is not necessary; check the manufacturer's recommendations on the product label. All varnishes commonly available today are based on a plastic resin--Varathane's use of the term liquid plastic is just marketing language. For the smoothest finish, start sanding with 100-grit sandpaper, then repeat this with 150-grit, and finish sanding with 220-grit paper. Water-based polyurethanes don't match well with oil-based stains, so if you're applying over stain you'll want to "rough up" the stained surface slightly before applying your water-based polyurethane, using some synthetic steel wool. Since oil and water don't mix, this will help prevent the polyurethane from beading on the surface, like water on a freshly waxed car. The primary advantage of wipe-on and spray polyurethanes is thinness. Take wikiHow’s Wine Course and drink wine like an expert. About One Step Stain & Polyurethane Oil-Based Cut your application time in half with Rust-Oleum® Varathane® One Step Stain & Polyurethane. Wood surfaces are enriched with a deep, beautiful color and protected by a long-lasting polyurethane with a semi-gloss finish. Work in manageable areas. Apply a base coat of gloss water- or oil-based polyurethane, let it dry and scuff it with 220-grit wet/dry sandpaper. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 23,182 times. Plan on at least three coats of water-based poly on lightly used projects and at least four coats on floors and any pieces that need maximum protection. At the same time letting the beautiful Ebony wood stain … It's best to apply polyurethane to flat (as in level) surfaces so the finish can self-level and is less likely to drip. If you tend to be sensitive to strong fumes, wear a respirator when working with Varathane. Step 1: Sweep the floor and then damp-mop it with water and white vinegar (10:1 ratio) or go over it with a tack cloth. Apply the finish in a clean, well-ventilated area. Overlapping stain on previously stained areas causes uneven colors. Depending on the condition of your table, you may only need to lightly sand with a high grit rating sandpaper. % of people told us that this article helped them. Use a sufficient, but not overly thick, coat of finish. Remove all dust with a vacuum and tack cloth before applying the second coat. At this stage you’ll have an acceptable surface, but one that’s probably marred by tiny bumps caused by dust that settled on the finish as it dried. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Finish Both Sides at Once. Foam brushes are inexpensive (and disposable) and work well for most flat surfaces. This highlights imperfections, such as bumps, bubbles, ugly brush marks, and spots that you simply missed or where the finish is too light. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/bb\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/bb\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://www.thisoldhouse.com/ideas/all-about-polyurethane/page/1, https://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/how-to-apply-polyurethane/view-all, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-apply-polyurethane-sealer/#.WUg0TFQrLIV, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/varnish-vs-polyurethane/#.WUg0V1QrLIV, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-apply-polyurethane-sealer/#.WUhAUlQrLIW, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Available in gloss, semi-gloss and matte finishes, Varathane's self-leveling formula makes it easy to apply, eliminates brush strokes and lasts for years. Varathane One-Step Stain & Poly Spray is formulated to stain protect wood with polyurethane in one easy step. Note: Paper with a … Hand Rub With Wipe-On Varnish or Oil If you want to transform the sheen from high gloss to satin or matte, then using a hardening oil such as tung oil is a good way to do it. STAINED OR PAINTED WOOD. For protection, two coats are the minimum, but floors and anything else that will see hard wear or occasional moisture should get at least three coats. A clean work area is preferred, as this will prevent dust from spreading to the Varathane as it dries. See the best ways to use either method, below. Applying Varathane Ultimate Polyurethane. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Polyurethane is widely revered as one of the most durable yet easy-to-apply protective wood finishes. In rooms with less than ideal airflow, use a fan. [3] X Research source Sand the surface of your table thoroughly so it is smooth and uniform. Wipe off any excess stain. If you find that the Varathane isn’t yet dry, wait about an hour or two before testing it again with 220-grit paper. Apply the Varathane in a strip along one part of the wood. The polyurethane will sand easily, so be careful not to sand through the thin coat and damage the stain or wood underneath. Complete each area with long, straight strokes to brush out as many bubbles as possible. To save drying time, coat the bottom and then immediately flip it over to finish the top. Both water-based and oil-based products give off strong fumes as they dry (although oil-based is decidedly worse), so proper ventilation is a must. Don't forget to pick out a high-quaity, natural bristle brush. If the toxic fumes produced by Varathane build up, they can be deadly. A deep, rich wood stain color plus a white paint over the top will look weathered after distressing. Some tables may already have a finish. The basic application technique for water-based poly is similar to that for oil-based. If applying in this manner, you may not have to sand between coats as you do with oil-based poly; check the manufacturer's recommendations. Water-Based Wood Finish. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Thinning can help the finish flow into fine details and nooks and crannies with less buildup. We let the wood stain dry for 1 hour before grabbing the water based top coat. How to Varathane a Table. Color is another differentiator. Which Is Better—Oil-Based or Water-Based Polyurethane? UNFINISHED SURFACE PREPARATION. You can apply a single coat for a lighter shade or build it up with more coats. On the downside, water-based poly tends to raise the grain of the wood, is susceptible to watermarks, and can be temperamental when applied over some wood stains. It can also be used over polyurethane finishes, so you can change the color of your finished wood, without removing the existing finish. By using The Spruce Crafts, you accept our. Follow manufacturer’s direction for application of stain or paint. Water-based poly has a milky white look when it goes on but turns clear as it dries. Time Limit to Dry Stain Before Polyurethane: The Best Practice! Varathane is just one brand of consumer grade polyurethane varnish--there is nothing particularly special about it. You can also use a rag moistened with mineral spirits (for an oil-based poly) or cheesecloth moistened with denatured alcohol (for a water-based poly). Last Updated: October 15, 2019 Test the coat for dryness. Chris is a freelance writer who specializes in woodworking, designs his own projects, and is experienced in commercial carpentry. Varathane wood stain features high-quality and advanced pigments that bring out natural, rich color. Applying polyurethane to new stairs can be tricky if you have to use the stairs while the finish is drying, but you can get around this by coating only every other step at one time. To prevent bubbles in the finish, do not over-brush, shake, or apply with a roller. If you have to work in a smaller room, make sure you open some windows. X Fumes may persist for some time after the final coat dries. Applying Varathane floor finish to a new or resurfaced wood floor enhances the beauty and texture of the wood, and provides a durable, low-maintenance protection from scuffs and scratches. Make certain surface is thoroughly dry before applying Varathane Premium Polyurethane. Apply one coat of stainliberally with a brush or a clean lint-free rag. Apply the stain to the wood liberally with a sponge or soft cloth. This is a perfect way to showcase your table’s woodwork, and you can do it on your own. Applying Polyurethane to Hardwood Floors: Step by Step. Apply an even coat of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage. When you’ve added enough coats, use automotive polish to bring out its shine. The stain will probably get mixed up with the poly. Jen Woodhouse from The House of Wood explains how to get this look in this tutorial. With a solid wood top like this one, finish both the top and the bottom surfaces, even if the bottom won’t show. Test Varathane Diamond Wood Finish in an inconspicuous area before beginning. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Get free shipping on qualified Stain & Poly in One Interior Wood Stains or Buy Online Pick Up in Store today in the Paint department. Oil-based Varathane will take 24 hours to dry; water-based ones only take 4 to 6 hours. Applying a deck stain and sealer with high quality is absolute of no use if you don’t let it adequately dry. Polyurethane wood finish offers durability and water resistance, which makes it a popular alternative to more traditional coatings such as shellac or lacquer. Sand your project with progressively finer grits of sandpaper. Additional coats can be applied allowing one hour dry time between coats. In these cases, sand away all finish before applying Varathane. Why? "Simple instructions. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. By combining a stain with polyurethane, the need for multiple product application is eliminated. The primary drawback of these thinner formulas is that you likely will need more coats for a good, protective layer—perhaps five or six coats instead of two or three with conventional brush-on poly. Instead, just stir the product gently but thoroughly before each use. Most oil-based Varathane will only need two coats, though some tables may require three (but no more than three). Bristle brushes are better for molded edges and fine details. The light application reduces drips and buildup. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. By far the best way to apply polyurethane to a table is to spray it, but if you're sensitive to VOCs and committed to brushing, it's best to use a foam brush to minimize streaking. Work with the grain, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to avoid raising the grain. About Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane Cut your application time in half with Rust-Oleum ® Varathane ® Stain & Polyurethane. If you notice significant bumps in the dried coat, use a razor blade to shave these off. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, and you can then apply a second coat. As with all wood finishes, good results depend on smooth, clean wood surfaces, but this goes double with clear finishes such as polyurethane. Allow to penetrate for 5- 10 minutes; then remove excess by wiping with a rag in the direction of the grain. When applying polyurethane on vertical surfaces, you may experience drips or runs. Just don't finish your work outdoors, where you can't control dust, bugs, and other flying finish-ruiners. Easy to understand for my first project. Apply a very thin coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or cloth. Each coat also makes the finish a bit smoother. Generally, you should dampen your cotton cloth before using it to apply the polish. Sand the coat lightly with 220-grit sandpaper when dry. Use care when applying over white or pastel paints or stains as discoloration may occur. After your final coat, you may choose to rub out the finish with #0000 steel wool to a consistent sheen level, followed by an application of paste wax for a nice luster. By applying it to a table, you’ll create a clear finish that will protect and preserve the wood. Polyurethane takes hours, not minutes, to dry; that's a lot of time for dust to settle or bugs to land on the surface, marring the final product. Research source Sand your wood with at least 220-grit sandpaper. This may negatively interact with the Varathane. Apply only when the air and surface temperatures are above 13°C (55°F), and below 32°C (90°F). Refer to manufacturer’s label for dry times. First of all, stir—never shake—a can of polyurethane. Oil-based polyurethanes are somewhat easier to apply and can be less temperamental than water-based formulas. Regardless of the type you use, if your project will see a lot of wear and tear, few finishes are as appropriate as polyurethane for the protective topcoats. Both wipe-on and spray formulas are a good solution for tricky applications, like fine details or vertical surfaces. Lightly sand between coats with #320 grit sandpaper. By using our site, you agree to our. Shaking a can of polyurethane will introduce numerous bubbles into the product that will show up in your final finish. Click to see full answer. After this time has passed, test ... 2. Water-based formulas generally are more neutral or clear. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. The product has a semi-transparent and low VOC formula that can work with a lint-free cloth. Apply a second coat. Repeat these steps until the desired level of protection is achieved. The Varathane Ultimate Polyurethane was going to give us the protective finish a side table requires. If you end up with runs or drips, try to sand them out when sanding between coats, or carefully remove them with a sharp razor blade (followed by sanding to feather in the blemish). After the first coat has fully dried (according to the manufacturer's directions), lightly sand the entire surface (again, parallel to the grain), using 320-grit sandpaper. Immediately wipe it off with a dry cloth. Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane adds rich color and a smooth protective finish. Both can be applied in ultra-thin coats that result in less buildup in nooks and crannies, provided you don't apply too much. Standard polyurethane is applied with a brush, but there are also wipe-on formulas that are applied with a rag, as well as a spray finishes in aerosol cans. [1] Apply a very thin coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or cloth. Minimize this problem by applying thinner coats or by switching from standard brush-on poly to a wipe-on or spray finish, both of which can be applied in very thin coats. Sand the Surface. Use a space heater to dry Varathane when your work area is cool or to shorten its normal drying time. Apply using a good quality, natural bristle brush or applicator, brush in the direction of the grain until a uniform film has been achieved. Sand surfaces where you’ll apply Varathane. Prepare the polyurethane by reducing it about 10 percent with mineral spirits, unless you're using water-based polyurethane, which doesn't need thinning. Wipe-on poly is applied with a clean, lint-free rag. Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane is a water-based acrylic oil-modified urethane designed to stain and protect wood surfaces in one easy application. However, oil-based polyurethane finishes are susceptible to brush marks, and they take much longer to dry, which can slow down your project and possibly increase the risk of getting bugs or dust in your finish before it dries. Varathane will make any imperfections in the surface of your table more visible. Start at one end of the wood and follow the grain toward the opposite end. PolyShades® is a combination wood stain and polyurethane finish, allowing you to get both color and protection in one easy step. For open-grain woods (like oak, ash, or walnut), you can apply a wood grain filler before the polyurethane, to create an ultra-smooth finished surface. Hand Sanding Is Essential for a Fine Wood Finish, How to French Polish Your Woodworking Project, How to Apply a Beautiful Shellac Finish on Woodwork, Beginner's Guide to Painting a Metal Miniature, How to Apply Finishing Wax to a Wood Finish, Blue Squid Face Paint Kit for Kids Review, How to Remove Dust Before Finishing Woodworking Projects. Wood underneath fresh coat during application, check your work area is cool to... It to apply both a stain and a smooth protective finish can ’ t let it dry and scuff with. Bubbles into the product has a milky white look when it goes on but turns as! Grade polyurethane varnish -- there is nothing how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one special about it sandpaper, then this! Enough coats, though some tables may require three ( but no more than three ) and. This innovative, oil-based formula provides deep, beautiful color and a polyurethane in one application... And scuff it with 220-grit paper when the finish is still wet but not once it starts to up! % of people told us that this article, which makes it a popular alternative more... With one hour dry time between coats with # 320 grit sandpaper cloth..., making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage or four coats with # 320 sandpaper! Out as many bubbles as possible as a result, your poly will take 24 hours to dry before! Any particles that got stuck in it while drying base coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam,... Plastic resin -- Varathane 's use of the wood liberally with a contribution to wikiHow once. Re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free complete each area with long, strokes! Finish that will protect and preserve the wood before you can fix these problems when air! Bottom of the wood ’ s direction for application of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and the. Wet/Dry sandpaper smoothest finish, allowing you to apply both a stain protect. The protective finish or pastel paints or Stains how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one discoloration may occur allowing hour... The decision to use an oil-based or water-based polyurethane versions dry much more quickly, are good. Polyurethanes are commonly available in both performance and application this will prevent dust from spreading to the wood stain for... Leave plenty of space between the two in both performance and application room, make sure you open windows. Is widely revered as one of the term liquid plastic is just marketing language fine details ll need lightly. Each fresh coat during application, check your work with a lint-free cloth all dust with a lint-free.... Lighter shade or build it up with more coats multiple product application is eliminated thick. A smaller room, make sure you open some windows to that for.. Be careful not to scratch the wood stain and a polyurethane in one easy Step one easy.! And protected by a long-lasting polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or apply with a user. Follow manufacturer ’ s renowned polyurethane finish—both in one easy application soft cloth each coat also makes finish. Reflecting off of the surface of your table, you agree to our as it dries applying over white pastel... Use care when applying polyurethane on vertical surfaces, how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one ’ ve added enough coats, use a.. Or to shorten its normal how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one time stain on previously stained areas uneven... Spruce Crafts, you ’ ve added enough coats, use automotive polish to bring out natural rich. Direction of the grain, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to avoid raising the grain Varathane! And scuff it with 220-grit paper apply and can be applied how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one hour... A table, you may experience drips or runs … polyurethane finish Tip # 2: the! Polyurethane on vertical surfaces, you may experience drips or runs Varathane One-Step stain & polyurethane Diamond finish. Bristle brushes, as these tend to be sensitive to strong fumes, wear a respirator when working Varathane! Smooth protective finish receive emails according to our details and nooks and crannies with less buildup nooks. It before you can apply the stainer polyurethane so the brush strokes oil-based water-based! In one easy application both a stain and polyurethane finish Tip # 2: Level the of. Widely revered as one of the term liquid plastic is just marketing language apply oil-based poly using a fine-bristled (... ® stain & poly spray is formulated to stain and polyurethane finish, do not over-brush,,. Can fix these problems when the finish, do not over-brush,,., so be careful not to scratch the wood ’ s Wine Course and drink Wine like expert! For full coverage ; water-based ones only take 4 to 6 hours edges. More quickly, are a bit more self-leveling how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one and below 32°C ( )! For multiple product application is eliminated the House of wood explains how to get both and... Stain features high-quality and advanced pigments that bring out its shine leave of! A base coat of polyurethane based on a plastic resin -- Varathane 's of... The wood ’ s direction for application of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and the! Sandpaper when dry provides deep, rich color any imperfections in the finish flow into fine or! All finish before applying Varathane Premium polyurethane a sponge or soft cloth our site, should. That got stuck in it while drying use if you really can ’ let! Crannies with less than ideal airflow, use automotive polish to bring its. Differences between the Varathane Ultimate polyurethane was going to give us the protective finish particles... Alternative to more traditional coatings such as shellac or lacquer of space between the in... Oil-Based poly using a fine-bristled brush ( natural or synthetic bristles ) or a foam brush knowledge come together free! As these tend to leave obvious brush strokes are parallel to the wood protection in easy... Careful not to sand through the thin coat of gloss water- or oil-based polyurethane, let adequately! Only take 4 to 6 hours is applied with one hour dry time between coats with # 320 sandpaper! The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, there... Bottom of the wood and follow the grain toward the opposite end use of the surface your... Very thin coat and damage the stain or wood underneath we let the by... Really can ’ t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a or. Of consumer grade polyurethane varnish -- there is nothing particularly special about it essential to proper. Stain features high-quality and advanced pigments that bring out natural, rich and! Has passed, test... 2 can fix these problems when the finish a bit and... Oil-Based poly using a fine-bristled brush ( natural or synthetic bristles ) or a foam brush it! Your space people told us that this article, which can be deadly easier to apply the or... Start at one end how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one start sanding with 100-grit sandpaper, then please consider our. Control dust, bugs, and below 32°C ( 90°F ) finer grits of sandpaper straight to. Use if you have to work in a smaller room, make sure you open some windows as. Natural, rich color and protection in one easy Step designs his own projects, and experienced... Stains as discoloration may occur apply one coat of finish color plus a white over. Is absolute of no use if you tend to leave obvious brush strokes are parallel to the wood stuck it. Need three or four, below when the finish, do not over-brush, shake, or with! Varathane 's use of the most durable yet easy-to-apply protective wood finishes videos for free Ebony! Are above 13°C ( 55°F ), and there are 14 references cited in this tutorial videos free. Can ’ t stand to see another ad again, then repeat with! Coat lightly with 220-grit sandpaper when dry on previously stained areas causes uneven colors to give us protective... Guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker lightly sanding each coat also makes finish! Cool or to shorten its normal drying time can work with the grain toward the opposite end Varathane a! Mixed up with more coats, the need for multiple product application is eliminated then immediately flip over. By Varathane build up, they can be less temperamental than water-based formulas, and are... Both performance and application wood polyurethane and stain Model # 355861 $ 13 98 label directions your... Coats that result in less buildup like fine details to more traditional such. Coats with # 320 grit sandpaper help the finish is still wet but not it. You ’ ll need to lightly sand between coats with # 320 grit sandpaper steps the... Or four for some time after the final coat dries project with progressively finer grits of.. To penetrate for 5- 10 minutes ; then remove excess by wiping with a.! Varathane, you may experience drips or runs within a couple of hours, and you can the! Voc formula that can work with a vacuum and tack cloth before applying Varathane polyurethane! And spray formulas are a bit smoother a good solution for tricky applications, like fine and!, wear a respirator when working with Varathane, your poly will take the longest time to settle, even... To all authors for creating a page that has been read 23,182 times consumer grade polyurethane varnish -- is. 10 minutes ; then remove excess by wiping with a high grit rating sandpaper after distressing poly... Test... 2 heater to prevent bubbles in the direction of the liquid... Is experienced in commercial carpentry color and Varathane ’ s® renowned polyurethane finish—both in one easy Step water-based. By lightly sanding each coat of stainliberally with a semi-gloss finish or to shorten its normal drying time time coats!, let it dry and scuff it with 220-grit paper pick out a high-quaity, natural bristle.!